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Permanent Residency

Express Entry

The Express Entry System is an online application process which helps the Government of Canada pick skilled workers from Foreign Countries. By creating a profile and assessing your points through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), you can begin your journey towards the Canadian Permanent Residency in a faster way. The Process time for Express Entry averages around 6 months.

All Skilled Immigrants must use the Express Entry System to come to Canada. By creating a profile with your CRS scores, you are placed in a pool with other applicants and are selected based on the ranking. Candidates selected by the Canadian Government are given an Invitation to Apply which is a step closer to their journey of Permanent Residency in Canada.

Canada has various economic immigration programs such as:

  • Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)
  • Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP).

To be eligible for Express Entry under Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) you must:

  • Meet minimum Language requirements
    (Listening, writing, speaking and reading and each program has a different minimum language requirement)
  • Have skilled work experience
    Minimum of one year work experience in a single occupation within the last 10 years. The Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC) sets the standard for Skilled Work experience and but meet the criteria of NOC A, B or O. Professional jobs (NOC skill level A) Skilled trades and Technical jobs (NOC skill type B) Managerial jobs (NOC skill level O)

To be eligible for Express Entry under Federal Skilled Trades Class:

  • Meet minimum language requirements
  • Have full-time work experience of atleast two years within years before applying
  • Meet the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC) standards
  • Plan to live outside of Quebec
  • Have at least one year of full-time employment or certificate qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial or territorial authority.

To be eligible for Express Entry under the Canadian Experience Class:

  • Meet the minimum language requirements for your job
  • Plan to live outside of Quebec
  • Have Canadian work experience with proper authorization
  • Have at least one year of full-time experience
  • Admissible to Canada

NOTE: being self-employed or experience while your study does not count.

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)

The PNP is another pathway towards the permanent residency of Canada if you do not have enough points to be selected under the Express Entry or you are not eligible for any other immigration category. Most provinces in Canada have entered into an agreements with the IRCC which allows the provinces to select and nominate applicants of their choosing to facilitate their permanent residency in Canada.

You must have first applied under the Express Entry System with your CRS score and then apply to a PNP program. Your application will remain in the Express Entry pool for 12 months until you are selected for Permanent Residence.

The Province processes your PNP application which usually takes 3-4 months and which will give you around 600 points added to your Express Entry Score.

Benefits of applying under the PNP

Applicants who apply under express entry system without a PNP certificate are scoring between 300-500 points on their CRS scores. If you apply with a PNP certificate, you are granted an additional 600 points added on top of the 300-500 raising the CRS score to above 900 points which will significantly raise the chances of being invited to Permanent Residency by the Government of Canada. The current cut off score for Express Entry is between 400-500 range.

Every province in Canada is in need to fill shortages in the labor market within their province. The list varies from province to province according to their need in the specific job category. Each province operates its own PNP which is specifically designed to meet their economic and demography of their province.

Our team of lawyers are highly trained and devoted professionals who will optimize our clients’ interests and find the best pathway that works for the client.

Business Immigration

Self-employed category

Who is a self employed person for the purposes of immigration?

A foreign national who:

  • Contributes to Canada’s growing economy in one of the required areas
  • Intentions of being self-employed in Canada
  • Relevant experience (two years of experience in their intended business proposition)

Applicants must also have experience in cultural activities and athletics when referring to their relevant experience. This includes having taken part in cultural activities or athletics at a world-class level or having been self-employed in athletics or cultural activities This will prove to the Immigration officer that the Applicant will be willing to make substantial contributions to the cultural and athletic life of Canada.

Cultural Activities:

  • 2 one year periods of self-employment in cultural activities 5 years prior to applying; or
  • 2 one year periods of participating at a world-class level in cultural activities 5 years prior to applying; or
  • A combination of one-year period of self-employment in cultural activities and one year period of participating at a world-class level in cultural activities 5 years prior to applying


  • 2 one year periods of self-employment in athletics; or
  • 2 one year periods of participating at a world class level in athletics; or
  • A combination of a one year period of self-employment in athletics and one year period of participating at a world class level in athletics

5 Selection Criteria

To be eligible for applying under the Self-employed Persons Program, Applicants need at least 35 points in the above 5 factor Criteria, pass a medical exam and provide police certificates, provide evidence of sufficient funds to settle in Canada upon arriving.

Selection factors: Points
Factor 1 : Business Experience 35 points
Factor 2: Age 10 points
Factor 3: Education 25 points
Factor 4: Ability in English and/or French 24 points
Factor 5: Adaptability 6 points
Total 100 points

Processing Time: Decisions can be made within 21 months

Start-up Visa


  • Qualifying business that is supported by a designated organization by obtaining a letter of support from that organization
  • Meet minimum language requirements in English or French
  • Proof of having completed at least one year of post-secondary education
  • Meet minimum required investment
  • Have sufficient funds to settle in Canada which shows you have enough money to support yourself and your dependants after you arrive in Canada.
  • Intend to reside in a province other than Quebec

Qualifying Business

What constitutes as a Qualifying Business:

A Business is considered a Qualifying Business if at the time of a commitment from a designated organization:

  • Each Applicant holds at least 10% of the voting rights attached to all shares of the corporation outstanding at that time; AND
  • Applicants and the designated organization combined should hold more than 50% of the total voting rights attached to all shares of the corporation outstanding at that time.

At the time of obtaining permanent residence:

  • Applicants are providing acting and ongoing management of the business from within Canada
  • The business is incorporated in Canada
  • An essential part of the operations of the business must take place within Canada

A letter of support from a designated business organization is needed with your application that proves the designated business supports your business idea. These organizations will review your business proposal, assess the business growth potential. These are any of the following designated organizations:

  • Designated Venture Capital Fund or
  • Designated Angel Investors or
  • Designated Business Incubator

Successful applicants must:

  • Secure an investment of at least $200,000 from venture Capital fund; OR
  • Secure an investment of at least $75,000 from an angel investor group; OR
  • Be accepted into a business incubator program

Peer Review

Immigration officers at the IRCC sometimes would request an independent assessment of a commitment by a review panel of experts assembled by the Applicant’s industry association. These reviews are done in order to preserve the integrity of the Start-Up Visa Program.

The Panel will review the following:

  • Terms of the commitment to ensure that the terms are consistent with industry standards;
  • Ensuring that the business has been or will be incorporated in Canada;
  • Ensuring that the business ownership has been verified and meets the requirements of the Program;
  • Assessing the level of due diligence performed by the designated organization;
  • Ensuring that the focus of the business is on a potentially a high growth product or service

Sufficient settlements Funds

The Government of Canada does not provide financial support to new start up business visa immigrants. Applicants must prove that they have enough money to support yourself and your dependants after arrival in Canada. This money cannot be borrowed from another person and must be in the form of liquid assets that can support the cost of living in Canada for you and your family.

Number of family members Funds required (in Canadian dollars)
1 $13,310
2 $16,570
3 $20,371
4 $24,733
5 $28,052
6 $31,638
7 $35,224
For each additional family member $3,586

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